How Long Is the Permanent Residence Process in Canada?

Acquiring permanent residency is one of the quickest and easiest ways to migrate to Canada, offering many advantages along with it.

To achieve PR in Canada, the process involves creating an Express Entry profile, meeting eligibility requirements for various programs, and providing detailed documentation.

You will also have to undergo background checks.

Once granted PR status, however, travel can occur freely between Canada and its borders.


Attaining permanent residence (PR) in Canada can be an arduous task, involving meeting specific eligibility criteria, submitting documentation and passing background checks.

How long it takes depends on individual circumstances and level of preparedness when moving abroad; some newcomers choose a soft landing strategy whereby they temporarily reside in their new city until they finalize their immigration status.

Express Entry is Canada’s go-to system for permanent residency applications.

Applicants create an Express Entry profile and receive a Comprehensive Ranking Score that compares their application against others in the pool; those with high scores receive an Invitation to Apply that allows them to submit their Canadian PR application.

Other pathways to PR include Provincial Nominee Program and Family Sponsorship – this involves an eligible Canadian citizen or permanent resident sponsoring their spouse, children or other relatives as beneficiaries.

Individuals possessing both education and work experience can qualify for Canada PR visa through its skilled worker program.

Another option available to people is an Entrepreneur Visa, which grants those with enough capital to invest in a business within a country the chance to reside and work there.

To be eligible, candidates should complete a Labour Market Impact Analysis (LMIA) report as well as having sufficient language abilities.

Once an applicant for PR is accepted, they are issued a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR).

Before their COPR expires, they must travel to Canada and present their passport and original Certificate of Arrival in Person (COAPI) to the immigration officer at their port of entry.

Newcomers to Canada would do well to add their spouse and children as COPR applicants during processing, to avoid having to sponsor them later and save processing fees.

Furthermore, Canadian PR status gives access to healthcare services and University education for their children as benefits of being Canadian PRs.


Canada is an immigrant-friendly nation and offers many pathways to permanent residency (PR).

Common routes include the Federal Skilled Worker Program, Canadian Experience Class and Provincial Nominee Program;

each has different requirements so it’s important to research each path carefully prior to applying and consider professional immigration advice before applying.

In the initial phase of the Express Entry System application, you begin by forming an online profile.This profile is given a score that acts as the benchmark for assessing applications.

A higher score increases your chances of obtaining an Invitation to Apply for Permanent Resident (PR) status.

As this stage holds significant importance in the application process, it is crucial to ensure that your profile is both comprehensive and precise.

After creating an Express Entry profile, the next step is to wait for IRCC’s Express Entry pool draw. Held every two weeks, those with the highest scores will be invited to apply for PR.

Once an invitation to apply has been extended to them, they have 60 days in which to submit all their required documents in support of their final PR application.

Increase your Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score to increase your chances of getting an International Teaching Assistantship (ITA).

This can be accomplished by taking additional steps in your profile such as providing medical certification and getting a police clearance report, while earning additional points with age, work experience in Canada, education or any additional factors that apply.

Once a successful Express Entry draw, the next steps include validating your PR visa at the port of entry and obtaining your Social Security number at ‘Service Canada’ center at the airport.

It is also recommended to open bank accounts, library cards and driving licenses before starting job searches.

After three out of five years living in Canada you are eligible to apply for citizenship – giving access to public health care, education services and social programs as a result.


According to the immigration pathway they follow, every applicant must gather specific documents to successfully navigate the PR application process.

For example, individuals utilizing the Express Entry route must have an online profile that includes a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score.

This score is employed to order candidates within the applicant pool.

Fulfilling this requirement is a prerequisite to becoming eligible for an Invitation to Apply, which marks the commencement of their path toward attaining permanent residency in Canada.

Canadian provinces also run immigration programs called provincial nominee programs (PNP), which favor candidates with job offers or connections within their province – for instance, Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program offers special consideration to international students who have graduated from an established university within its borders.

After graduation, many international students decide to stay and pursue a career here in Canada.

To do this, they need to transition from a student visa to a Permanent Residence visa – for which there are various pathways such as AIP or Express Entry that may help.

Once an application has been filed, an Express Entry Draw selection must be made. If selected, they will receive their Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR).

After receiving this COPR document, individuals must leave their country of residence and relocate to Canada before the COPR expires.

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If the COPR is extended, an individual will still need to fulfill eligibility requirements such as possessing a high level of education, work experience and language capabilities; they must also prove they can financially support themselves and any dependents once settled in the country.

Another way to secure permanent residency in Canada is through Family Class Immigration program, which allows immigrants to sponsor family members who live and work there – spouses, children or parents alike.

Furthermore, this route offers citizenship after some time has elapsed – however immigration assistance must first be sought before embarking on this journey.


Canada provides multiple immigration pathways for its aspirants, such as Express Entry, AIP and provincial nominee programs.

Each has specific eligibility requirements that must be fulfilled; time taken for permanent residency can differ depending on which path chosen; to choose one that is right for you, research its requirements thoroughly before creating a plan and adhering to it.

Once you have selected your immigration path, it’s important to plan for all associated costs.

These fees could include language exams and educational assessments as well as permanent residency fees and medical examinations – prices of which often fluctuate based on exchange rate fluctuations.

As part of your application for permanent residency in Canada, travel expenses will also need to be covered.

Once established as a permanent resident, your card can be used as evidence when entering through commercial transport such as an airplane, train or bus; you can even use it as proof of citizenship when applying for citizenship status.

To become a permanent resident in Canada, it is necessary to create an online profile in the Express Entry system and provide information regarding your education, work experience, age and other pertinent aspects.

This information will then help Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to calculate a Comprehensive Ranking System score which, once at an acceptable level will allow Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to invite you to apply for PR.

To apply for Express Entry, you must have at least one year of relevant work experience.

In order to increase your chances of invitation, take a language test and complete an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA), which assesses your education and establishes what the Canadian equivalent degree would be.

The International Recruitment and Certification Centre (IRCC) takes an in-depth approach when reviewing an application, taking into consideration your whole life history, including where and why you resided, gaps in employment or study histories, as well as creating an accurate timeline of events – which may prove challenging but is essential in strengthening an application.